Skip to content

Unit: Processes in K&B projects

Supporting: LMFKB3001A Identify processes in kitchen and bathroom projects

Section 3: Manufacturing processes

Cabinet construction

Image for slide 1
Audio for slide 1 (mp3 |6|KB)
Cabinets are basically six-sided boxes, closed in on five sides.

Two main methods have been used over the years to build the cabinet box, or carcase.

They are referred to as face frame and frameless construction.

Let's look at each of these in turn.

hearing icon
Image for slide 2
Audio for slide 2 (mp3 |6|KB)

Face frame cabinets

The traditional method of construction was to put a solid timber frame around the face of the opening. This is shown in yellow in the diagram opposite. The frame helped to keep the cabinet square and also provided a fixing point for the door hinges. On large custom-made cabinets, a single carcase could be divided into several sections, with upright stiles in between.

hearing icon
Image for slide 3
Audio for slide 3 (mp3 |6|KB)
However, if the cabinets were manufactured as stock items, they were likely to be made in more manageable sizes and joined together to achieve the length needed.

This meant that the stiles would be double thickness.

hearing icon
Image for slide 4
Audio for slide 4 (mp3 |6|KB)

Frameless cabinets

Frameless cabinets were originally developed in Europe after World War II, when solid timber was hard to get and particleboard was just starting to be produced. By fixing the particleboard panels to each other to form the carcass, and using door hinges that fixed internally, cabinetmakers no longer needed a face frame. The result was the frameless cabinet, also called the full access or European style cabinet.

hearing icon
Image for slide 5
Audio for slide 5 (mp3 |6|KB)
The frameless design provided more access space to the cabinet, because the side thickness was only 19 mm.

It also allowed prefabricated cabinets to be joined together without losing the extra space taken up by a double stile.

And it provided a streamlined look with more modern features, such as cup hinges and drawer slides.

hearing icon

Learning activity

Audio 6 (mp3 |6|KB)

The face-frame design is still used in some modern cabinets, particularly when they have timber panelled doors. But the hinges are different from those used in frameless cabinets.

Name at least three different types of hinges used on face-frame cabinet doors. Also describe the way they are fixed to the frame and the door.

Share your answers with your trainer and other learners in the group. You can include digital photos that you've taken with your camera or mobile phone if you wish.

hearing icon